Until the last century, a decayed or infected tooth was pulled without any thought to saving it. If it wasn’t yanked out, an abscess formed. The pus pocket of poisons caused tremendous pain and could even damage the jawbone. When the abscess broke, the toxins were released into the bloodstream, causing illness. Root canal therapy basically consists of replacing a tooth’s dead nerve and diseased pulp. That means the dentist does not yank out the tooth, he just cleans out the inside of the root.
Once a tooth pushes through the gums and is fully grown, neither the nerve nor the pulp is vitally important to the tooth’s health. The only function of the nerve is to impart the awareness of hot or cold. When the diseased nerve cannot repair itself, it dies no longer feeling any sensation. The pulp is soft tissue full of nerves and blood vessels. It fills the pulp chamber, which is below the tooth’s crown. It also fills the roots and root canals.
A tooth requiring root canal therapy has such extensive decay that the dentist must put a porcelain crown over the exposed tooth. Depending upon how many teeth are involved and where they are located, he may also discuss the need for a bridge or an implant.
To start the root canal therapy, the dentist will inject a numbing agent near the tooth. Theoretically, the nerve is dead so anesthesia should not be necessary, but most dentists don’t want to take a chance of a patient suddenly jumping in pain. A patient should be totally relaxed and free of pain because the delicate surgery requires minute precision.
It is critical that all the decay and infection is cleaned out of the canals of the root. The dentist drills a hole through the crown of the tooth to gain access into the pulp chamber. He then pulls out the pulp and dead nerve, and refills the chamber and canals with medication that will kill all the bacteria.
On your next visit, the doctor fills the tooth’s pulp chamber and root canals with a rubbery material, then permanently seals the tooth closed with antibacterial cement. Last but not least, he caps the tooth with a crown, usually made of porcelain. The crown is virtually undetectable from the teeth adjacent to it.
People tend to cringe when they are told they need a root canal because the procedure used to have the reputation of being painful. Modern dental technology and new anesthetics, however, mean todays patients do not have to feel pain. If the tooth was infected before surgery, it may ache mildly for a couple of days. That discomfort will be relieved with over-the-counter painkillers such as aspirin or acetaminophen.
Many teeth that underwent root canal therapy can easily last a persons lifetime, but the procedure is expensive. The costly investment is worth protecting with at-home oral hygiene and regular dental checkups.
If your dentist is bent on saving and repairing your tooth with root canal therapy, don’t be afraid. A root canal is not scary if you know what to expect (and if you know that it wont involve a lot of pain). Express any concerns or questions you have with your dentist so he can reassure you.
Using your shower requires a great volume of water which continually flows out of the shower head as you take a bath. For this, your shower drain should be capable of handling and transporting waste water out of the shower and into the sewage system. But shower drains are also exposed to other types of wastes, which could build up down the line and eventually cause some problems. Depending on the kind of shower you have built or installed in your bathroom, how you use it, and also on your personal preferences, there are a few kinds of shower drains that could be part of your shower. Here, we explain how shower drains work, the parts of a shower drain, and the different types of shower drains you can choose from.
Parts of the Shower Drain
Shower drain systems closely resemble those that are also found in sinks and floors. Unlike bathtubs, showers don’t have overflow drains, since they are least likely to accumulate water as much as bathtubs do. However, they are also more likely to have bigger solid waste go down the drain pipes, as not all shower drains have plugs, which can prevent these solids from entering the system.
The shower drain is usually built with a drain assembly on top, with a washer at the bottom which is connected to the main drain. The drain is then connected to the trap, a U-shaped piece of pipe that is filled with water to prevent sewage gases and odors from coming up into the shower. The water forms a seal to prevent this from happening. The pressure from the water and the vents that are part of the drainage system push the water out of the trap and into the sewage line through the drain pipe.
The shower drain pipe then connects to the toilet’s and sink’s drain pipes, which meet under the toilet, before all the waste is carried out into the sewers. Types of Shower Drains
Nowadays, consumers have a lot of different options of shower drains from which they can choose from. Most people no longer settle for just basic floor drains and usually find a style that suits their shower’s built or their bathroom’s theme. Pick primary drains that meet your requirements, and be sure to consult your plumber or contractor regarding its capacity, its compatibility with the kind of shower you have, and some concerns that may arise regarding its use.
One type of shower drain that you can have installed is a linear drain. A narrow trench is dug on one end of your shower, usually the lowest point of the slope, where water can easily be directed to. Linear drains can be covered up with screens, or can be covered up with the same tiles used in your shower floor. Linear drains can be right up against a wall or a few inches off it.
A point drain is the standard drain used in most showers. Often circular or square-ish in shape, a small hole that catches all the waste water used in your shower, covered with small stainless steel grates. Some homeowners have two of these drains installed on either ends of their showers, to make sure waste water will have enough passageways to go to as it is directed to the sewage system. Some have only one but is considerably larger than average floor drains for the same purpose.
In public baths, you might see drains that look like they are a combination of both linear and point drains. Since these common showers are often used by more than one person at a time, it will be more ideal to install a greater capacity drain that will serve all of these showers. Grate drains are then built, usually shared by two or three stalls, with greater holes that other types of drains. Visit this website
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